Columbian Whitetail

Columbian Whitetail Deer: Odocoileus virginianus leucurus

Columbian Whitetail DeerThe Columbian whitetail deer is the western most sub-species of white-tailed deer found in North America, inhabiting in Washington and Oregon in the Pacific Northwest. It is one of three whitetail subspecies inhabiting the Northwest and is named after the Columbia River where the subspecies was originally discovered. The Columbian sub-species have smaller antlers and bodies than most of their cousins. In 1968, the Columbian whitetail was federally listed as an endangered species. In July 2003, the deer was delisted in Douglas County in southwest Oregon; however, hunting opportunities for the unique whitetail remain tightly controlled.

Locations Found

Washington: The Columbian whitetail deer can be found in the southwest region of the state along the Columbia River on the Washington-Oregon border. The whitetail is listed as federally protected in Clark, Cowliz, Pacific, Skamania, and Wahkiakum Counties.

Oregon: The Columbian whitetail deer can be found in northwest Oregon along the Columbia River on the Oregon-Washington border. Another population is found in Douglas County of southwest Oregon. The deer is federally protected in Clatsop, Columbia, and Multnomah Counties.

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