Northwest Whitetail

Northwest Whitetail Deer

Odocoileus virginianus ochrourus

Northwest Whitetail DeerThe subspecies ochrourus is often called by the common name Northwest whitetail or Idaho whitetail. The deer is generally large in size, dark in color, and inhabits the high plains and mountains of Washington, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Wyoming, British Columbia, and to a small degree Alberta. The Northwest whitetail often lives above 6,000 feet, in areas that people classify as typical mule deer country. The Northwest whitetail is one of the least publicized subspecies in North America due to plentiful big game species in the region.

Locations Found

Idaho: The Northwest whitetail inhabits the majority of Idaho. The deer, once found almost exclusively in northern Idaho, has recently expanded into central Idaho and some parts of southern Idaho.

Montana: Whitetail can be found throughout the entire state in all but the highest elevations. In general, the Northwest whitetail is found west of the Continental Divide. However, this rule does not always hold true and their distribution overlaps with the Dakota whitetail in many areas.

Oregon: The highest densities of Northwest whitetail occur in northeastern Oregon. The counties of Union, Wallowa, and Umatilla hold the largest populations.

Washington: The Northwest whitetail inhabits the plains and mountains of eastern Washington. Over the past several decades, this whitetail has moved into habitat that traditionally harbored mule deer.

Wyoming: Whitetail can be found in rivers and drainages throughout the state of Wyoming. The Northwest whitetail is most often found in the western half of the state.

Alberta: The Northwest whitetail inhabits the western region of the province.

British Columbia: The Northwest whitetail is found primarily in the southeastern region of the province. They are most abundant in the lowlands and valleys of Okanagan and Kootenay